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Neurourol Urodyn. 2007;26(4):486-491. doi: 10.1002/nau.20380.

Short-term efficacy of group pelvic floor training under intensive supervision versus unsupervised home training for female stress urinary incontinence: a randomized pilot study.

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1
Gynecologic Urology Unit, Second Department of Urology, Papageorgiou General Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Abstract

AIMS:

Current management guidelines propose pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) as first line treatment for female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of group PFMT under intensive supervision to that of individual home therapy in women with SUI.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Thirty women with clinical and urodynamic diagnosis of SUI were randomized in two equal-number groups. Following a common demonstration course, Group A women received a detailed schedule for home training, while Group B in addition attended a weekly hospital group visit. At 12 weeks both groups were assessed for changes in subjective and objective outcomes.

RESULTS:

Twenty-two women, (10 Group A, 12 Group B) with a mean age of 47.3 years completed the study. Although significant (P<0.05) improvements were noted in both groups in quality of life scores, number of incontinence episodes/week, 24-hr frequency, and endurance, repetitions and fast contractions upon vaginal assessment of the PFMs, comparative analysis at the end of the study demonstrated significantly better results for women in Group B, who also improved in daily pad usage, underwear wetting, modified Oxford grading of the PFMs and hold with cough. Consequently, significantly more women in Group B reported improvement in their continence (100% vs. 20% in Group A).

CONCLUSIONS:

Group PFMT under intensive supervision produced significantly better improvements in primary and secondary outcomes in the short-term compared to individual, unsupervised home application of PFMT.

PMID:
17245777
DOI:
10.1002/nau.20380
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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