Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2007 Oct;23(7):528-38.

The effect of an education programme (HyPOS) to treat hypoglycaemia problems in patients with type 1 diabetes.

Author information

1
Research Institute of the Diabetes Academy Mergentheim, Germany. hermanns@diabetes-zentrum.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In a randomized, prospective multi-centre trial, the effect of a specific training programme (HyPOS) for patients with hypoglycaemia problems was compared with a control group (CG), receiving a standardized education programme aiming at avoidance of hypoglycaemia by optimization of insulin therapy.

METHODS:

A total of 164 type 1 diabetes patients (age 46.0 +/- 12.5 yrs, HbA(1c) 7.3 +/- 1.0%, 50% male) were randomized. Hypoglycaemia awareness was measured by the hypoglycaemia awareness questionnaire (HAQ) and by a visual analogue scale (VAS). There were no baseline differences.

RESULTS:

After a 6-month follow-up, hypoglycaemia awareness significantly improved in HyPOS compared to that in the CG (Delta HAQ 0.7 [95% CL 0.1-1.2], p = 0.024, Delta VAS 0.8 [95% CL 0.2 - 1.2], p = 0.015). In HyPOS, the threshold for detection of low blood glucose (Delta 0.2 mmol/L [95% CL 0.03 - 0.04], p = 0.02) and the treatment of low blood glucose (Delta 4.6 g [95% CL 1.6 - 7.6], p = 0.03) increased significantly. The number of undetected hypogylcaemic episodes (Delta - 1.4 episodes per week [95% CL 0.4-2.5], p = 0.01) and the rate of mild hypoglycaemia dropped significantly in HyPOS (Delta 2.1% [95% CL 0.5-5.3], p = 0.015). The numbers of severe (Delta 0.3 events per patient per year [95% CL - 0.04-1.0], p = 0.037) and very severe hypoglycaemic episodes (Delta 0.3 events per patient per year [95% CL - 0.1-0.7], p = 0.09) were lower in HyPOS, but these differences were not significant.

CONCLUSION:

Compared to the CG, HyPOS demonstrates additional benefits in terms of improving impaired hypoglycaemia awareness, reducing mild hypoglycaemia, detecting low blood glucose, and treating low blood glucose.

PMID:
17245692
DOI:
10.1002/dmrr.710
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center