Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
EMBO J. 2007 Jan 24;26(2):538-47.

Lethal recessive myelin toxicity of prion protein lacking its central domain.

Author information

1
Institute of Neuropathology, University Hospital of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Abstract

PrP(C)-deficient mice expressing prion protein variants with large amino-proximal deletions (termed PrP(DeltaF)) suffer from neurodegeneration, which is rescued by full-length PrP(C). We now report that expression of PrP(DeltaCD), a PrP variant lacking 40 central residues (94-134), induces a rapidly progressive, lethal phenotype with extensive central and peripheral myelin degeneration. This phenotype was rescued dose-dependently by coexpression of full-length PrP(C) or PrP(C) lacking all octarepeats. Expression of a PrP(C) variant lacking eight residues (114-121) was innocuous in the presence or absence of full-length PrP(C), yet enhanced the toxicity of PrP(DeltaCD) and diminished that of PrP(DeltaF). Therefore, deletion of the entire central domain generates a strong recessive-negative mutant of PrP(C), whereas removal of residues 114-121 creates a partial agonist with context-dependent action. These findings suggest that myelin integrity is maintained by a constitutively active neurotrophic protein complex involving PrP(C), whose effector domain encompasses residues 94-134.

PMID:
17245436
PMCID:
PMC1783444
DOI:
10.1038/sj.emboj.7601510
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center