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Mol Cell. 2007 Jan 26;25(2):219-32.

c-Jun downregulation by HDAC3-dependent transcriptional repression promotes osmotic stress-induced cell apoptosis.

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Brain Tumor Center and Department of Neuro-Oncology, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA.


c-Jun, a major transcription factor in the activating protein 1 (AP-1) family of regulatory proteins, is activated by many physiologic and pathologic stimuli. However, whether c-jun is regulated by epigenetic modification of chromatin structure is not clear. We showed here that c-jun was transcriptionally repressed in response to osmotic stress via a truncated HDAC3 generated by caspase-7-dependent cleavage at aspartic acid 391. The activation of caspase-7, which is independent of cytochrome c release and activation of caspase-9 and caspase-12, depends on activation of caspase-8, which in turn requires MEK2 activity and secretion of FAS ligand. The cell apoptosis induced by the truncated HDAC3 or enhanced by c-Jun deficiency during osmotic stress was suppressed by exogenous expression of c-Jun, indicating that the downregulation of c-Jun by HDAC3-dependent transcriptional repression plays a role in regulating cell survival and apoptosis.

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