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ACS Chem Biol. 2007 Jan 23;2(1):39-52.

Achieving in-depth proteomics profiling by mass spectrometry.

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Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA.


Proteomics addresses the important goal of determining the chemistry and composition of proteins in biological samples. Mass-spectrometry-based strategies have been highly successful in identifying and profiling proteins in complex mixtures; however, although depth of sampling continues to improve, a general recognition exists that no study has yet achieved complete protein coverage in any tissue, cell type, subcellular component, or fluid. The development of new approaches for comprehensively surveying highly complex protein mixtures, distinguishing protein isoforms, quantifying changes in protein abundance between different samples, and mapping post-translational modifications are areas of active research. These will be needed to achieve the "systems-wide" protein profiling goals of defining molecular responses to cell perturbations and obtaining biomarker information for disease detection, prognosis, and responses to therapy. We review recent progress in approaching these problems and present examples of successful applications and the outlook for the future.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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