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Anesth Analg. 2007 Feb;104(2):435-6.

The anesthetic implications of Crigler-Najjar syndrome.

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  • 1Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Flourida 32224, USA.

Abstract

Crigler-Najjar syndrome is a hereditary condition of unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia due to a deficiency of the enzyme, uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase. Exacerbations of the disease can occur whenever there is either an increase in free serum bilirubin and/or a decrease in serum albumin. The exacerbations can lead to bilirubin encephalopathy and severe brain damage. The goal of anesthetic management in these patients is to prevent an imbalance in the serum bilirubin to serum albumin molar ratio, thereby avoiding neurologic sequelae.

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