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Langmuir. 2007 Jan 30;23(3):1584-90.

Fluorescent sensors for nitroaromatic compounds based on monolayer assembly of polycyclic aromatics.

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Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Science of Shaanxi Province and the School of Chemistry and Materials Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, P. R. China.


A class of fluorescent films in which pyrene was assembled, in a monolayer manner, on glass slide surfaces via various flexible spacers of different lengths and substructures was used for the detection of nitroaromatic compounds (NACs) in vapor phase. This design strategy offers several advantages for thin film fluorescent sensory materials. These advantages have been demonstrated experimentally by the sensitive response of the films to the presence of trace amounts of NACs in vapor phase. The fluorescence quenching of the films upon exposure to NACs vapors depends on several factors, including the evaporate rate of the NAC detected, the length of the spacers connecting the sensing element and the substrate surface, and the density of the sensing element on the substrate surface. Further experimentation showed that the sensing process is reversible and free of commonly encountered interference. The sensitive response, reversibility of the sensing process, and freedom from commonly encountered interference of the specially designed films to NACs qualify these materials as promising NACs fluorescent sensory materials.

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