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Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi. 2006;108(10):1029-35.

[Stereotyped behaviors and compulsive complaints of pain improved by fluvoxamine in two cases of frontotemporal dementia].

[Article in Japanese]

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Department of Psychiatry, Akita Prefectural Center of Rehabilitation and Psychiatric Medicine.


There have been no systematic efforts to manage and treat patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD), but Perry described pharmacologic interventions for some behavioral syndromes in 2001. In Perry's report, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) were recommended as first choice drugs because they were well tolerated and might have an effect on some symptoms such as compulsive symptoms and eating abnormalities. Some reports were presented concerning Japanese FTD patients which showed the effect of SSRI on stereotyped behaviors and eating abnormalities by Nishikawa, et al. (2001), Ikeda, et al. (2004), and others. We describe two FTD patients with compulsive complaints of pain, one mainly on abdomen and the other on lumbar region. Fluvoxamine markedly improved their complaints of pain as well as stereotyped symptoms. Fluvoxamine might be effective for behavioral disturbances due to improvement of serotoninergic dysfunction in frontal medial and cingulated cortices, as previously described. Moreover, it has been reported that an altered response to pain stimuli, either via a loss of awareness of pain or exaggerated reaction to pain, is a specific feature of FTD, but there have been only a few reports on this feature. Fluvoxamine might be effective for compulsive complaints of pain due to improvements of compulsive symptoms and exaggerated reactions to pain in FTD, or due to the analgesic effect of SSRI. SSRI may improve compulsive complaints of pain in FTD patients.

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