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FEBS Lett. 2007 Feb 6;581(3):389-93. Epub 2007 Jan 18.

Analysis of intranuclear binding process of glucocorticoid receptor using fluorescence correlation spectroscopy.

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Laboratory of Supramolecular Biophysics, Research Institute for Electronic Science, Hokkaido University, N12W6, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-0812, Japan.


The diffusion properties of EGFP-hGRalpha and mutants C421G, A458T and I566 in living cells were analyzed. The wild type and mutants C421G and A458T translocated from the cytoplasm to the nucleus after addition of Dex; however, the Brownian motions of the proteins were different. The diffusion constant of wild-type GRalpha after addition of Dex slowed to 15.6% of that in the absence of Dex, whereas those of A458T and C421G slowed to 34.8% and 61.7%, respectively. This is the first report that dimer formation is less important than the binding activity of GRalpha to GRE in the living cell.

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