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J Dairy Sci. 2007 Feb;90(2):760-5.

Effect of an intramammary teat seal and dry cow antibiotic in relation to dry period length on postpartum mastitis.

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1
Institute for Animal Health, Compton, Berkshire, RG20 7NN, United Kingdom. elizabeth.berry@bbsrc.ac.uk

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  • J Dairy Sci. 2007 Aug;90(8):4004.

Abstract

Infusion of either a long-acting antibiotic preparation (cefalonium) or the same antibiotic preparation combined with an internal teat sealant (bismuth subnitrite) were compared for the effect on new intramammary infections at calving and clinical mastitis in the first 100 d of lactation, in relation to dry period length. For all cows, a significant reduction in the incidence of new infections in quarters at calving (3.7 vs. 7.3%) was found for the combination treatment group (150 cows) compared with the antibiotic-alone treatment (133 cows). With a dry period of 10 wk or longer, significantly fewer new quarter infections (3.8 vs. 11.4%) were found in those cows receiving the combination treatment compared with antibiotic treatment alone. When the dry period was less than 10 wk, the incidence of new infections in quarters treated with the combination treatment was lower than for the antibiotic treatment alone (3.7 vs. 6%) but this was not a statistically significant difference. Fewer infections caused by Streptococcus uberis and coagulase-negative staphylococci were found in cows receiving the combination treatment compared with the antibiotic treatment alone (not significant). Coliform isolates were less likely in cows receiving the combination treatment with the longer dry period but the numbers of new intramammary coliform infections were low for both dry period categories. Few infections were caused by coagulase-negative staphylococci. The incidence of clinical mastitis in the first 100 d of lactation in quarters infected at calving was significantly lower (4 vs. 15 cases) for the combination treatment than for the antibiotic treatment alone for both dry period lengths. The clinical incidence in quarters in which a pathogen was not detected in either of the samples taken after calving was comparable between groups. No significant difference was found in the total clinical incidence after calving for both groups irrespective of dry period length.

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