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Ophthalmology. 2007 Mar;114(3):425-32. Epub 2007 Jan 17.

Gene conversion mutation in crystallin, beta-B2 (CRYBB2) in a Chilean family with autosomal dominant cataract.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, Rocky Mountain Lions Eye Institute, Denver, Colorado, USA. bronwyn.bateman@uchsc.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To map and identify the mutated gene for autosomal dominant cataract (ADC) in a large Chilean family (ADC53).

DESIGN:

Experimental study.

PARTICIPANTS:

Large Chilean family with ADCs.

METHODS:

Linkage analyses using genome-wide polymorphic DNA markers were performed on a family with variable expression of cataracts to map the mutated gene to a chromosome; 2-point lod scores were calculated. Candidate genes in the region of the maximum lod score were sequenced. We compared haplotypes (alleles at closely linked markers) in families with previously reported mutations of the crystallin, beta-B2 gene (CRYBB2).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Identification of the causative mutation in the ADC53 family.

RESULTS:

The ADC locus mapped to chromosome 22 in the region of a cluster of lens beta crystallin genes (CRYBB3, CRYBB2, CRYBB1, and CRYBA4 and the pseudogene CRYBB2P1). We sequenced CRYBB1 and CRYBB2 and found a previously reported mutation and a variant in exon 6 of CRYBB2 that cosegregate with the disease; these changes in CRYBB2 are in the reference (normal) sequence of an adjacent gene CRYBB2P1, a pseudogene. The haplotypes in the ADC53 Chilean family were different from the 2 previously reported families with the mutation.

CONCLUSIONS:

The cataracts in the ADC53 Chilean family are caused by a mutation in the CRYBB2 gene; as the 2 variations in CRYBB2 are identical to the reference sequence of pseudogene CRYBB2P1, which has over 97% homology to CRYBB2, a gene conversion probably has occurred. Based on haplotype analyses, the mutation and variant are likely to be caused by independent gene conversions in our family and the previously reported families.

PMID:
17234267
DOI:
10.1016/j.ophtha.2006.09.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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