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Biochem Soc Trans. 2007 Feb;35(Pt 1):105-8.

Regulation of TRP channels: a voltage-lipid connection.

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Department of Physiology, Campus Gasthuisberg, KU Leuven, Herestraat 49, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium.


TRP (transient receptor potential) channels respond to a plethora of stimuli in a fine-tuned manner. We show here that both membrane potential and the level of PI (phosphatidylinositol) phosphates are efficient regulators of TRP channel gating. Recent work has shown that this regulation applies to several members of the TRPV (TRP vanilloid) subfamily (TRPV1 and TRPV5) and the TRPM (TRP melastatin) subfamily (TRPM4/TRPM5/TRPM7/TRPM8), whereas regulation of members of the TRPC subfamily is still disputed. The mechanism whereby PIP(2) (PI 4,5-bisphosphate) acts on TRPM4, a Ca(2+)- and voltage-activated channel, is shown in detail in this paper: (i) PIP(2) may bind directly to the channel, (ii) PIP(2) induces sensitization to activation by Ca(2+), and (iii) PIP(2) shifts the voltage dependence towards negative and physiologically more meaningful potentials. A PIP(2)-binding pocket seems to comprise a part of the TRP domain and especially pleckstrin homology domains in the C-terminus.

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