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J Cell Biochem. 1991 Jul;46(3):206-18.

Triggering of the proteinase dipeptidyl peptidase IV (CD26) amplifies human T lymphocyte proliferation.

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Department of Immunology, University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston 77030.


CD26 (Ta1, dipeptidyl peptidase IV) is a Mr 105,000 protein expressed at high levels on activated T lymphocytes and is a potential marker of memory T cells. Reciprocal immunodepletion and solid phase double determinant binding studies showed that mAb AC7 and the CD26-specific mAb anti-Ta1 reacted with spatially distinct sites on the same molecule. The proteinase dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) was immunoprecipitated with mAb AC7 and its enzymatic activity directly assayed using an enzyme overlay membrane system. High levels of DPP IV activity were detected on the T cell tumor line CCRF-HSB-2 and on PBMC stimulated by a variety of methods. By itself, soluble mAb AC7 was not mitogenic for T cells but enhanced T cell proliferation that resulted from treatment with phorbol myristic acetate (PMA) in the presence of accessory cells. T cell proliferation was also induced by co-immobilized mAb AC7 and mAb OKT3 (anti-CD3). Cultures of T cells growing in the presence of IL-2 responded with accelerated growth when exposed to a combination of immobilized mAb AC7 and soluble mAb OKT3, a result not seen with freshly isolated T cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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