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Int J Cancer. 2007 Apr 15;120(8):1821-4.

Formation of depurinating N3Adenine and N7Guanine adducts by MCF-10F cells cultured in the presence of 4-hydroxyestradiol.

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Eppley Institute for Research in Cancer and Allied Diseases, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 986805 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.


Metabolic conversion of endogenous estrogens, estradiol (E2) and estrone (E1), to the catechol estrogens 4-hydroxyE1(E2) [4-OHE1(E2)] has been implicated in the initiation of cancer in rodents and humans. Evidence collected in our laboratories has shown that 4-OHE1(E2) are enzymatically oxidized to E1(E2)-3,4-quinones [E1(E2)-3,4-Q], which have the potential to damage DNA by forming predominantly depurinating adducts, 4-OHE1(E2)-1-N3Ade and 4-OHE1(E2)-1-N7Gua, leading to the accumulation of mutations and probably cell transformation. The human breast epithelial cell line MCF-10F has been transformed by treatment with E2 or 4-OHE2. We have used MCF-10F cells to study the presence of adducts and conjugates after treatment with 4-OHE2. To mimic the intermittent exposure of breast cells to endogenous estrogens, MCF-10F cells were treated with 1 microM 4-OHE2 for a 24-h period at 72, 120, 192 and 240 h postplating. Culture media were collected at each point, extracted by solid-phase extraction and analyzed by HPLC connected with a multichannel electrochemical detector and/or ultraperformance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. Media from successive treatments with 4-OHE2 showed the formation of methoxy and cysteine conjugates, and the depurinating adducts 4-OHE1(E2)-1-N3Ade. The amount of 4-OHE1(E2)-1-N3Ade adducts was higher after the third treatment; smaller amounts of the 4-OHE1(E2)-1-N7Gua adducts were detected after the second and third treatments. These results demonstrate that MCF-10F cells oxidize 4-OHE2 to E1(E2)-3,4-Q, which react with DNA to form the depurinating N3Ade and N7Gua adducts. This DNA damage can play an important role in the 4-OHE2-induced mutations and transformation of MCF-10F cells to malignant cells.

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