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J Hered. 2007 Mar-Apr;98(2):123-35. Epub 2007 Jan 17.

Comparative genetics of potential prezygotic and postzygotic isolating barriers in a Lycopersicon species cross.

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  • 1Department of Biology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA.


I compare the genetic basis of quantitative traits that potentially contribute to pre- and postzygotic isolation between the plant species Solanum lycopersicum (formerly Lycopersicon esculentum) and Solanum habrochaites (formerly Lycopersicon hirsutum), using quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping in a set of near-isogenic lines. Putative prezygotic isolating traits include flower size, flower shape, stigma exertion, and inflorescence length, that can influence pollinator preferences and/or selfing rates, and therefore gene flow between divergent types. Postzygotic isolating traits are hybrid pollen and seed sterility. Three substantive results emerge from these analyses. First, the genetic basis of floral differentiation appears to be somewhat less complex than the genetic basis of postzygotic hybrid sterility, although these differences are very modest. Second, there is little evidence that traits for floral differentiation are causally or mechanistically associated with hybrid sterility traits in this species cross. Third, there is little evidence that hybrid sterility QTL are more frequently associated with chromosomal centromeric regions, in comparison to floral trait QTL, a prediction of centromeric drive models of hybrid sterility. Although genome-wide associations are not evident in this analysis, several individual chromosomal regions that contain clusters of QTL for both floral and sterility traits, or that indicate hybrid sterility effects at centromere locations, warrant further fine-scale investigation.

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