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Environ Pollut. 2007 Jul;148(1):107-14. Epub 2007 Jan 16.

Heavy metal accumulation in trees growing on contaminated sites in Central Europe.

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University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna BOKU, Department of Forest and Soil Sciences, Peter Jordan Strasse 82, Vienna, Austria.


Metal-accumulating woody species have been considered for phytoextraction of metal-contaminated sites. We investigated Zn and Cd accumulation in tissues of adult trees and associated herbaceous species collected from contaminated areas in Central Europe. We found considerable Cd and Zn accumulation in various willow, poplar and birch species with up to 116mgCdkg(-1) and 4680mgZnkg(-1) in leaves of Salix caprea. Annual variation of Cd and Zn concentrations in leaves of Salix caprea were small, indicating that data obtained in different years can be compared. Metal concentrations in leaves were not related to total (aqua regia) or labile (1M NH(4)NO(3) extract) concentrations in soil but the accumulation factors (leaf concentration: soil concentration) for Cd and Zn followed an inverse log type function. Metal partitioning between tissues showed a minimum in the wood, with increasing concentrations of Cd and Zn towards the leaves and fine roots.

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