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Biochem Pharmacol. 2007 Apr 1;73(7):1001-12. Epub 2006 Dec 10.

Matrix metalloproteinase-7-catalyzed release of HB-EGF mediates deoxycholyltaurine-induced proliferation of a human colon cancer cell line.

Author information

1
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, VA Maryland Health Care System and Program in Oncology, Greenebaum Cancer Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 22 S. Greene Street, N3W62, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.

Abstract

Prior evidence indicates that bile acids stimulate colon cancer cell proliferation by muscarinic receptor-induced transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR). To explore further the mechanism underlying this action, we tested the hypothesis that bile acids activate a matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) that catalyzes release of an EGFR ligand. Initial studies showed that non-selective MMP inhibitors blocked the actions of deoxycholyltaurine (DCT), thereby indicating a role for MMP-catalyzed release of an EGFR ligand. DCT-induced cell proliferation was reduced by increasing concentrations of EGFR kinase inhibitors, by antibodies to the ligand binding domain of EGFR, by neutralizing antibodies to heparin binding-EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) and by CRM197, an inhibitor of HB-EGF release. These findings and our observations with more selective MMP inhibitors suggested that MMP-7, an enzyme known to release HB-EGF, plays a key role in mediating bile acid-induced H508 colon cancer cell proliferation. We observed that recombinant HB-EGF and MMP-7 mimicked both the signaling and proliferative actions of bile acids. Strikingly, reducing MMP-7 expression with either neutralizing antibody or small interfering RNA attenuated the actions of DCT. MMP-7 expression in H508 cells was confirmed using quantitative reverse transcription PCR. DCT stimulated a greater than 10-fold increase in MMP-7 gene transcription. Co-localization of pro-MMP-7 and pro-HB-EGF at the cell surface (immunofluorescence microscopy) was demonstrated, indicating proximity of the enzyme to its substrate. These findings provide strong evidence that in H508 human colon cancer cells, DCT-induced transactivation of EGFR is mediated by MMP-7-catalyzed release of the EGFR ligand HB-EGF.

PMID:
17222808
PMCID:
PMC1852457
DOI:
10.1016/j.bcp.2006.11.028
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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