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Eur J Protistol. 2007 Jan;43(1):9-15. Epub 2006 Sep 20.

Molecular identification of free-living amoebae of the Vahlkampfiidae and Acanthamoebidae isolated in Arizona (USA).

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Scientific Institute of Public Health, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium.


Sediment samples from rivers, canals and lakes in Arizona (USA) were cultured for free-living amoebae at three different incubation temperatures (22, 37 and 40 degrees C). Isolates belonging to the Vahlkampfiidae were identified by sequencing the PCR-amplified ITS1, 5.8S and ITS2 rDNA. With this molecular method three Naegleria spp. were identified, N. gruberi sensu stricto, N. australiensis and N. tihangensis. Also a strain each of Willaertia magna and Vahlkampfia avara were identified. Three samples yielded two new Tetramitus spp. of which the closest relative is T. ovis. Many Acanthamoeba strains were also isolated. The genotype of these strains was identified using Acanthamoeba-specific primers (JDP1 and JDP2) amplifying a part of the SSUrDNA and sequencing with an internal primer (892c). Five of the Acanthamoeba isolates belong to genotype T5 (A. lenticulata), while five are genotype T4.

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