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Anal Chem. 2007 Jan 15;79(2):572-9.

Multiplex biosensor using gold nanorods.

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Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering and Bindley Biosciences Center, Purdue University, 225 South University Street, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA.


Gold nanorods (GNRs) with different aspect ratios were fabricated through seed-mediated growth and surface activation by alkanethiols for the attachment of antibodies to yield gold nanorod molecular probes (GNrMPs). Multiplex sensing was demonstrated by the distinct response of the plasmon spectra of the GNrMPs to binding events of three targets (goat anti-human IgG1 Fab, rabbit anti-mouse IgG1 Fab, rabbit anti-sheep IgG (H+L)). Plasmonic sensors are highly specific and sensitive and can be used to monitor refractive index changes caused by molecular interactions in their immediate vicinity with potential to achieve single-particle biosensing. This technique can play a key role in developing novel optical biosensors for both in vivo and in vitro detection and single-receptor kinetics.

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