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Radiologe. 2007 Jan;47(1):71-88.

[Radiological imaging of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Part II. The stomach].

[Article in German]

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Abt. Radiodiagnostik, Radiologische Universitätsklinik, Heidelberg.


CT, and multi-detector row computed tomography in particular, play a very important role in staging malignant tumors of the stomach. The optimized technique of so called "Hydro-CT", including distension to the gastric wall with 1-1.5 l oral contrast media, mainly water, has fostered the diagnostic value of CT in the diagnosis of diseases of the stomach. By using the "Hydro-CT" technique, the detection rate for gastric carcinoma is now between 89% and 94%, and for liver metastasis between 85% and 92%. For overall T staging, the sensitivity is rather low at between 43% and 65%, and for the lymph nodes between 64 and 88%. Depending on tumor type, multislice computed tomography (MSCT) supplies morphological details for defining the type of lesion (polyps, gastritis, lymphoma, gastrointestinal stromal tumours, carcinoma). Nevertheless, a definite differential diagnosis remains difficult. In addition, multiplanar reconstruction (MPR), derived from multi-detector row computed tomography data sets, is very helpful in localizing these pathologies and demonstrating their anatomic relationship to adjacent organs and vascular structures. MRI plays no major part in the diagnostic evaluation of the upper GI-tract.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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