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J Biomed Sci. 2007 May;14(3):373-81. Epub 2007 Jan 13.

Osteopontin in metastatic lesions as a prognostic marker in ovarian cancers.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gifu University School of Medicine, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu City, 501-1194, Japan.


Osteopontin (OPN) is expressed in various human cancers and associated with tumor progression, invasion and metastasis in many manners. The purpose of this study is to investigate the clinical significance of OPN expression in metastatic lesions of ovarian cancers, since the prognosis of the patients with peritoneal dissemination is extremely poor. In primary tumors and peritoneal metastatic lesions from 40 patients with stage III ovarian cancers, the protein levels of OPN and histoscores were determined by enzyme immunoassay and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Immunohistochemical staining revealed OPN was distributed in the cytoplasm and nuclear compartments of the cancer and stromal cells within and around the tumor. The OPN level was significantly (p < 0.05) increased in 32 of 40 metastatic lesions of ovarian cancers. The OPN increased cases identified by immunohistochemical staining were consistent with those identified by the sandwich immunoassay. The prognosis of the 32 patients with significant increase of OPN in ovarian cancers was extremely poor, whereas the 36-month survival rate of the 8 patients with no increase of OPN was 75%. Multivariate analysis revealed that the levels of OPN were independent predictors of prognosis from clinical characteristics (age, lesion size, histological types). OPN might be associated with peritoneal metastasis and its advancement, and that the OPN level in metastatic lesion may be a prognostic indicator in ovarian cancers.

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