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Mol Cell. 2007 Jan 12;25(1):127-39.

Kinase-independent function of cyclin E.

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Department of Cancer Biology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, USA.


E-type cyclins are thought to drive cell-cycle progression by activating cyclin-dependent kinases, primarily CDK2. We previously found that cyclin E-null cells failed to incorporate MCM helicase into DNA prereplication complex during G(0) --> S phase progression. We now report that a kinase-deficient cyclin E mutant can partially restore MCM loading and S phase entry in cyclin E-null cells. We found that cyclin E is loaded onto chromatin during G(0) --> S progression. In the absence of cyclin E, CDT1 is normally loaded onto chromatin, whereas MCM is not, indicating that cyclin E acts between CDT1 and MCM loading. We observed a physical association of cyclin E with CDT1 and with MCMs. We propose that cyclin E facilitates MCM loading in a kinase-independent fashion, through physical interaction with CDT1 and MCM. Our work indicates that-in addition to their function as CDK activators-E cyclins play kinase-independent functions in cell-cycle progression.

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