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Water Res. 2007 Mar;41(5):1094-102. Epub 2007 Jan 10.

Exploring temporal variations of oxygen saturation constants of nitrifying bacteria.

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Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Eawag, 8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland.


Activated sludge models (ASM) are generally accepted as state-of-the-art in modeling wastewater treatment plants. In this paper, we assess the temporal variability of an ASM parameter-the oxygen half-saturation constant of autotrophic bacteria (K(O),(AUT)). A series of respirometric experiments is performed for conventional activated sludge and sludge from a membrane bioreactor. K(O) values are estimated for both ammonium-oxidizing and nitrite-oxidizing bacteria. For parameter estimation, the Monod kinetic model structure is extended by a sensor model. Still remaining systematic deviations between data and model are considered by a thorough residual analysis: (1) uncertainty estimates of K(O) are corrected to reflect model structure deficiencies and (2) the inter-experimental cross-correlation of residuals is taken into account to assess temporal changes. We conclude that K(O),(AUT) is a time variable parameter and should be considered accordingly.

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