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Ann Chim. 2006 Nov-Dec;96(11-12):727-41.

Heavy metals in marine sediments from the Mar Piccolo of Taranto (Ionian Sea, southern Italy).

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C.N.R. - Istituto per l'Ambiente Marino Costiero, via Roma 3, 74100 Taranto, Italy.


Heavy metals concentrations (Cd, Cu, Hg, Pb, Sn and Zn) have been determined monthly in surface sediments from the Mar Piccolo in Taranto (Ionian Sea, Southern Italy. a semi-enclosed marine basin very important from a mussel-culture point of view. In sediments, sulphides, percentage of organic carbon and redox potential were also determined to show possible correlations between metals levels and redox characteristics of marine sediments. Analytical results, elaborated by multivariate statistical techniques, confirm that sediments collected in the first inlet of Mar Piccolo, where shipbuilding activities are present, have a contamination level greater than those collected in the second inlet. For each metal, the geoaccumulation index (Igeo) has been calculated as criterion to evaluate both pollution levels and metals enrichment in examined sediments: Igeo values confirm that the first inlet is an moderately polluted area from Hg and Pb. In any case, high sulphide concentrations and negative values of redox potentials bring to a conclusion that metals are present in sediments, mainly as insoluble sulphides and then as not bioavailable compounds for filter feeders organisms such as mussels.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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