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Biochem Cell Biol. 2006 Dec;84(6):1022-33.

P-glycoprotein (ABCB1) interacts directly with lipid-based anti-cancer drugs and platelet-activating factors.

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Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph ON N1G 2W1, Canada.


The P-glycoprotein multidrug transporter (Pgp; ABCB1) is an ATP-binding cassette (ABC) protein that has been implicated in the multidrug resistance of human cancers. Pgp couples ATP hydrolysis to active extrusion from the cell of a broad array of amphipathic compounds via an ill-defined mechanism. Substrates are believed to interact with Pgp within the membrane. Reconstituted Pgp functions as an ATP-dependent flippase for a variety of fluorescently labelled membrane lipids. The protein may also function as a drug 'flippase', moving its substrates from the inner to the outer leaflet of the bilayer. We show that lipid-based anti-cancer drugs, such as miltefosine, and signaling molecules, such as platelet-activating factors, bind saturably to Pgp with Kd values in the low micromolar range, and modulate its ATPase activity. These compounds also inhibit Pgp-mediated flipping of fluorescent lipids and transport of Hoechst 33342 and tetramethylrosamine, which occupy different subsites in the drug-binding pocket. Bacterial lipid A modulates Pgp ATPase activity, and glycolipid flipping is inhibited by unlabelled glucosylceramide, suggesting that these lipids also interact with the transporter. These results indicate that Pgp treats a variety of lipid-based molecules as substrates, and likely interacts with lipids and drugs in the same manner.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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