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Atherosclerosis. 2007 Oct;194(2):e26-33. Epub 2007 Jan 9.

SHP-2 and PI3-kinase genes PTPN11 and PIK3R1 may influence serum apoB and LDL cholesterol levels in normal women.

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Nutrition Food and Health Research Centre, King's College London, Franklin-Wilkins Building, 150 Stamford Street, London SE1 9NH, UK.


Insulin regulates apoB metabolism via activation of PI3K or regulation of MTP via MAPK/ERK signalling. SHP-2 enhances both pathways through increased IRS-1 phosphorylation. We hypothesized that variants in the SHP-2 gene PTPN11 and PI3K p85alpha subunit gene PIK3R1 may influence fasting levels of plasma apoB and/or LDL cholesterol. We tested association of tagging SNPs (tSNPs) in each gene with serum lipids in a large sample of unselected population-based Caucasian female twins (n=2771, mean age 47.4+/-12.5 years) and then tested interaction between tSNPs in determining apoB and LDL levels. PTPN11 tSNP rs11066322 was associated with apoB (P=0.007) and rs11066320 was associated with LDL cholesterol (P=0.016). PIK3R1 tSNP rs251406 was associated with apoB (P=0.0003) and rs706713 was associated with LDL cholesterol (P=0.009). PTPN11 tSNP rs11066322 interacted with PIK3R1 tSNP rs251406 in determining serum apoB levels (P=0.012) and with PIK3R1 tSNP rs40318 in determining LDL cholesterol levels (P=0.009). Association of single tSNPs with both apoB and LDL cholesterol as well as interactions between the two genes suggest that variants influencing SHP-2 activity may modulate the acute pathway by which insulin regulates these lipids.

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