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Immunol Cell Biol. 2007 Apr-May;85(3):215-9. Epub 2007 Jan 9.

Acceleration of R5 HIV replication by polymorphonuclear neutrophils in cultures of macrophages.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555-0435, USA.

Abstract

Cell-to-cell contact between monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) and endothelial cells has resulted in the increased proliferation of CC chemokine receptor 5/M-tropic (R5) human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in MDM. In the present study, R5 HIV replication was shown to be increased by polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) in MDM cultures through the soluble factors released from these PMN. The replication of R5 HIV in MDM was greatly enhanced when PMN were added to cultures. An increase in the replication of R5 HIV was also demonstrated when the virus was replicated in MDM cultured in a double chamber transwell with PMN. Chemokine ligand (CCL) 2 and interleukin (IL)-10 were detected in culture fluids of PMN exposed to R5 HIV. The replication of R5 HIV was not accelerated in cultures of MDM and PMN in a double chamber transwell supplemented with a mixture of monoclonal antibodies directed against CCL2 and IL-10. Similarly, the replication of R5 HIV was accelerated in MDM cultures supplemented with a mixture of recombinant CCL2 and IL-10. These results indicated that, in response to the viral stimulation, PMN produce CCL2 and IL-10 and enhance the replication of R5 HIV in MDM cultures.

PMID:
17213833
DOI:
10.1038/sj.icb.7100024
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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