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Acta Diabetol. 2006 Dec;43(4):88-92.

Serum protease inhibitor concentrations and total antitrypsin activity in diabetic and non-diabetic children during adolescence.

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Department of Biochemistry and Clinical Chemistry, Medical University in Warsaw, ul. Banacha 1, 02-097, Warsaw, Poland.


The aim of the study was the assessment of the concentrations and establishment of mutual relationships between three main protease inhibitors: alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT), alpha-2-macroglobulin (alpha-2-M) and antithrombin-III (AT-III), and of the total trypsin inhibitory capacity (TIC) in the serum of diabetic and non-diabetic children during adolescence. Forty-nine children (24 girls and 25 boys) with type 1 diabetes mellitus and 24 non-diabetic children (13 girls and 11 boys) were divided according to the Tanner scale into three groups: pre-, peri- and post-pubertal. The concentrations of AAT, alpha-2-M and AT-III were determined by the radial immunodiffusion method on NOR-Partigen plates (Dade-Behring), while TIC was determined by the method using BAPNA as substrate. Means and medians of serum AAT [1.55 g/l, 1.40 (95% confidence interval, 1.42-1.68), respectively] and TIC [10.6 mg trypsin/100 ml, 10.3 (95% CI, 9.5-11.7)] in diabetic children were lower than means and medians of AAT [1.81 g/l, 1.60 (95% CI 1.55-2.07), respectively] and TIC [12.5 mg trypsin/100 ml, 13.2 (95% CI, 10.9-14.1)] in non-diabetic children. A comparison of variables between Tanner groups shows an increasing trend of AAT concentration in diabetic children and a decreasing trend of TIC in non-diabetic subjects. In contrast to pre- and peri-puberty, no correlations were found in the postpubertal period between the studied parameters, either in diabetic or non-diabetic patients. Hyperglycaemia and the duration of diabetes were found to have a significant association with alpha-2-M and AT-III concentrations, but not with AAT serum concentrations. The concentrations and correlations between serum protease inhibitors in diabetic children during adolescence are disrupted compared with non-diabetic children. Taking into account the unfavourable consequences of vascular complications resulting from serum trypsin inhibitor changes and protease- antiprotease imbalance, diabetic children are at greater risk of this occurring during adolescence.

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