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Curr Microbiol. 2007 Feb;54(2):131-5. Epub 2007 Jan 5.

Cytoprotective agent in Lactobacillus bulgaricus extracts.

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Abbott Laboratories, Ross Products Division, Columbus, Ohio 43219, USA.


Adenosine 5'-diphosphoribose (ADP-ribose) has been identified as a significant contributor to the anti-cytotoxic activity of Lactobacillus bulgaricus extracts. Although the biological activities associated with the administration of probiotic bacteria and components thereof are sometimes attributed to the peptidoglycans that comprise a substantial portion of the Gram-positive bacterial cell wall, we found that the beta-nicotine adenine dinucleotide (NAD) hydrolysis product ADP-ribose was a significant contributor to the observed anti-cytotoxicity in our L. bulgaricus extracts. The ADP-ribose was isolated, identified, and quantitated by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. ADP-ribose levels as low as 5 mg/L exhibited a measurable inhibition of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) mediated cytotoxicity in an in vitro cell assay, whereas the ADP-ribose content of the L. bulgaricus extracts often exceeded 5 mg/g dry weight.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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