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Bone Marrow Transplant. 2007 Feb;39(3):143-7. Epub 2007 Jan 8.

Substitution of cyclophosphamide and busulfan by fludarabine, treosulfan and melphalan in a preparative regimen for children and adolescents with Shwachman-Diamond syndrome.

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Department of Pediatric Hematology - Oncology, Hannover Medical University, Hannover, Germany.


Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the only definitive treatment for severe bone marrow dysfunction and clonal disorders in patients diagnosed with Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS). In an attempt to minimize regimen-related toxicity (RRT), we have initiated a fludarabine/treosulfan/melphalan-based pilot protocol avoiding the combination of busulfan and cyclophosphamide. Median age at transplantation was 9.6 years (range 1.5-17 years). All three patients received conditioning with fludarabine (30 mg/m2/day x 6), treosulfan (12 g/m2/day x 3) and melphalan (140 mg/m2/day x 1). CAMPATH-1H (0.1 mg/kg x 2) was added in two cases, while rabbit ATG (Genzyme; 3 x 2.5 mg/kg) was given to the cord blood recipient. One patient was transplanted with a non-manipulated marrow graft from an HLA-identical sibling, one with a marrow graft from a 10/10 matched unrelated donor, and one with a 9/10 matched unrelated umbilical cord blood (UCB) unit. Mean cell doses given were 3.6 x 10(8) nucleated cells/kg BW for the bone marrow recipients and 4.2 x 10(7) nucleated cells/kg BW for UCB recipient. Overall, two of three patients are alive and display 100% donor chimerism. Acute graft-versus-host disease grade II was seen in one patient, while no GVHD exceeding grade I occurred in the remaining two.

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