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Clin Med Res. 2006 Dec;4(4):294-309.

Cytokines and chemokines in uveitis: is there a correlation with clinical phenotype?

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1
Department of Clinical Ophthalmology, Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, UK.

Abstract

Uveitis is a general term for intraocular inflammation and includes a large number of clinical phenotypes. As a group of disorders, it is responsible for 10% of all registered blind patients under the age of 65 years. Immune-mediated uveitis may be associated with a systemic disease or may be localized to the eye. The pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-2, IL-6, interferon-gamma and tumor necrosis factor-alpha have all been detected within the ocular fluids or tissues in the inflamed eye together with others, such as IL-4, IL-5, IL-10 and transforming growth factor-beta. The chemokines IL-8, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1alpha, MIP-1beta and fractalkine are also thought to be involved in the associated inflammatory response. There have been a number of studies in recent years investigating cytokine profiles in different forms of uveitis with a view to determining what cytokines are important in the inflamed eye. This review attempts to present the current state of knowledge from in vitro and in vivo research on the inflammatory cytokines in intraocular inflammatory diseases.

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PMID:
17210978
PMCID:
PMC1764804
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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