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Mol Cell Biol. 2007 Mar;27(5):1960-73. Epub 2007 Jan 8.

PAG-associated FynT regulates calcium signaling and promotes anergy in T lymphocytes.

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IRCM, 110 Pine Avenue West, Montréal, Québec, Canada.


Phosphoprotein associated with glycolipid-enriched membranes (PAG), also named Csk-binding protein (Cbp), is a transmembrane adaptor associated with lipid rafts. It is phosphorylated on multiple tyrosines located in the cytoplasmic domain. One tyrosine, tyrosine 314 (Y314) in the mouse, interacts with Csk, a protein tyrosine kinase that negatively regulates Src kinases. This interaction enables PAG to inhibit T-cell antigen receptor (TCR)-mediated T-cell activation. PAG also associates with the Src-related kinase FynT. Genetic studies indicated that FynT was required for PAG tyrosine phosphorylation and binding of PAG to Csk in T cells. Herein, we investigated the function and regulation of PAG-associated FynT. Our data showed that PAG was constitutively associated with FynT in unstimulated T cells and that this association was rapidly lost in response to TCR stimulation. Dissociation of the PAG-FynT complex preceded PAG dephosphorylation and PAG-Csk dissociation after TCR engagement. Interestingly, in anergic T cells, the association of PAG with FynT, but not Csk, was increased. Analyses of PAG mutants provided evidence that PAG interacted with FynT by way of tyrosines other than Y314. Enforced expression of a PAG variant interacting with FynT, but not Csk, caused a selective enhancement of TCR-triggered calcium fluxes in normal T cells. Furthermore, it promoted T-cell anergy. Both effects were absent in mice lacking FynT, implying that the effects were mediated by PAG-associated FynT. Hence, besides enabling PAG tyrosine phosphorylation and the PAG-Csk interaction, PAG-associated FynT can stimulate calcium signals and favor T-cell anergy. These data improve our comprehension of the function of PAG in T cells. They also further implicate FynT in T-cell anergy.

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