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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2006 Dec;22(12):1220-30.

Short partially double-stranded oligodeoxynucleotide induces reverse transcriptase/RNase H-mediated cleavage of HIV RNA and contributes to abrogation of infectivity of virions.

Author information

1
Institute of Medical Virology, University of Zurich, CH-8006 Zurich, Switzerland.

Abstract

We describe a novel mechanism of viral RNA eradication by an oligodeoxynucleotide A (ODN A) directly in HIV virions. The ODN A consists of an antisense and a passenger strand, and was designed to target the polyp-urine tract (PPT) of HIV-1, a conserved region of the viral genome. It leads to HIV reverse transcriptase/ribonuclease H (RT/RNase H)-dependent degradation of the RNA in viral particles. Illimaquinone, a specific inhibitor of RNase H, activity of HIV RT/RNase H, prevents RNA cleavage. The effect of the ODN A is sequence-specific and the passenger strand is important, since a lack or alteration of this strand reduces the antiviral activity of the ODN. ODN A has a stronger antiviral effect compared to a control ODN CO, targeted to a site outside of the PPT. The pretreatment with ODN A strongly reduced the infectivity of virions in cell culture in the absence of any DNA carriers or detergents.

PMID:
17209763
DOI:
10.1089/aid.2006.22.1220
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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