Send to

Choose Destination
Biophys J. 2007 Mar 15;92(6):2172-83. Epub 2007 Jan 5.

Line FRAP with the confocal laser scanning microscope for diffusion measurements in small regions of 3-D samples.

Author information

Laboratory General Biochemistry and Physical Pharmacy, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.


We present a truly quantitative fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) model for use with the confocal laser scanning microscope based on the photobleaching of a long line segment. The line FRAP method is developed to complement the disk FRAP method reported before. Although being more subject to the influence of noise, the line FRAP model has the advantage of a smaller bleach region, thus allowing for faster and more localized measurements of the diffusion coefficient and mobile fraction. The line FRAP model is also very well suited to examine directly the influence of the bleaching power on the effective bleaching resolution. We present the outline of the mathematical derivation, leading to a final analytical expression to calculate the fluorescence recovery. We examine the influence of the confocal aperture and the bleaching power on the measured diffusion coefficient to find the optimal experimental conditions for the line FRAP method. This will be done for R-phycoerythrin and FITC-dextrans of various molecular weights. The ability of the line FRAP method to measure correctly absolute diffusion coefficients in three-dimensional samples will be evaluated as well. Finally we show the application of the method to the simultaneous measurement of free green fluorescent protein diffusion in the cytoplasm and nucleus of living A549 cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center