Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Chromatogr A. 2007 Feb 9;1141(2):191-205. Epub 2007 Jan 4.

Hydrophobic interaction chromatography of proteins. I. The effects of protein and adsorbent properties on retention and recovery.

Author information

Merck Research Laboratories, Sumneytown Pike, West Point, PA 19486, USA.


The contributions of protein and adsorbent properties to retention and recovery were examined for hydrophobic interaction chromatography (HIC) using eight commercially available phenyl media and five model proteins (ribonuclease A, lysozyme, alpha-lactalbumin, ovalbumin and BSA). The physical properties of the adsorbents were determined by inverse size exclusion chromatography (ISEC). The adsorbents examined differ from each other in terms of base matrix, ligand density, porosity, mean pore radius, pore size distribution (PSD) and phase ratio, allowing systematic studies to understand how these properties affect protein retention and recovery in HIC media. The proteins differ in such properties as adiabatic compressibility and molecular mass. The retention factors of the proteins in the media were determined by isocratic elution. The results show a very clear trend in that proteins with high adiabatic compressibility (higher flexibility) were more strongly retained. For proteins with similar adiabatic compressibilities, those with higher molecular mass showed stronger retention in Sepharose media, but this trend was not observed in adsorbents with polymethacrylate and polystyrene divinylbenzene base matrices. This observation could be related to protein recovery, which was sensitive to protein flexibility, molecular size, and conformation as well as the ligand densities and base matrices of the adsorbents. Low protein recovery during isocratic elution could affect the interpretation of protein selectivity results in HIC media. The retention data were fitted to a previously published retention model based on the preferential interaction theory, in terms of which retention is driven by release of water molecules and ions upon protein-adsorbent interaction. The calculated number of water molecules released was found to be statistically independent of protein retention strength and adsorbent and protein properties.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center