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Biomacromolecules. 2007 Jan;8(1):122-7.

Development of biocompatible interpenetrating polymer networks containing a sulfobetaine-based polymer and a segmented polyurethane for protein resistance.

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Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA.


Interpenetrating polymer networks (IPNs) were prepared by the modification of a segmented polyurethane (SPU) with a cross-linked sulfobetaine methacrylate (SBMA) polymer. The IPN films that were prepared can effectively resist nonspecific protein adsorption when the distribution of SBMA units within the SPU film is well controlled, and they retain high mechanical strengths inherent from the base SPU films. Furthermore, the zwitterionic and biomimetic nature of sulfobetaine and the ease of SBMA preparation make SBMA-based materials very attractive for a wide range of applications. It is challenging to control the diffusion of highly polar SBMA into the hydrophobic network of SPU. In this study, various parameters governing the formation of IPNs containing SBMA were studied. The chemical composition depth profile of the IPN films was determined by confocal Raman microscopy. The morphology and thickness of these IPN films were examined by atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The amount of adsorbed proteins on the IPN films was determined by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results show that the amount of adsorbed proteins on the IPN films depends on the incubation conditions, including solvent polarity, incubation time, SBMA monomer ratio, and incubation concentration. It appears that the IPN films prepared in a mixed solvent of higher polarity with long incubation time lead to very low protein adsorption. This study not only introduces a new IPN system containing SBMA, but also provides a fundamental understanding of various parameters governing the formation of IPNs.

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