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Biochimie. 1991 Jul-Aug;73(7-8):991-1000.

Topography of the Escherichia coli ribosomal 30S subunit-initiation factor 2 complex.

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Institut de Biologie Mol├ęculaire et Cellulaire du CNRS, Strasbourg, France.


The specific effect of the binding of initiation factor IF2 on E coli 16S rRNA within the [IF2/30S/GTP] complex has been probed by crosslinking experiment with trans-diamminedichloro platinum (II) and by phosphate alkylation with ethylnitrosourea. Several 16S rRNA fragments crosslinked to IF2 have been identified and are mostly located in the head and the lateral protrusion of the 30S subunit. The study of the effect of IF2 binding to the 30S subunit reveals that the factor does not tightly bind to the 16S rRNA and induces both isolated reductions and enhancements of phosphate reactivity in the 16S rRNA. Several of them are located near the binding site of IF2 and weak effects are observed in distant parts of the subunit. These results are discussed in the light of current knowledge of the topographical localization of IF2 with the 30S subunit and of its relation with function.

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