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Int Orthop. 2008 Apr;32(2):243-6. Epub 2007 Jan 6.

Medial impingement after ankle replacement.

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Royal Glamorgan Hospital, Llantrisant, UK.


Ankle replacements appear to offer a good alternative to fusion for most arthritic conditions. Use of mobile bearings has significantly improved results of ankle replacement. Ankle replacements still have a significant minor-complication rate which does not seem to affect the long-term outcome. Medial impingement as a complication has been reported with popular designs. We reviewed the senior author's first five years of Buechel-Pappas ankle replacements looking at AOFAS scores, VAS scores, patient satisfaction, learning curve of the surgeon and complications. Eight patients out of a total of 34 reported symptoms of medial impingement at follow-up. Four patients underwent revision surgery for this. Ankle replacements have a significant proportion of minor complications, one of which is medial impingement. Whether this is due to implant design, residual arthritis in medial recess or soft-tissue pathology is uncertain but revision surgery may be required.

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