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Trends Neurosci. 1991 Sep;14(9):415-8.

Is the histaminergic neuron system a regulatory center for whole-brain activity?

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Dept of Pharmacology II, Osaka University Faculty of Medicine, Yamadaoka, Japan.


Recent immunocytochemical studies have demonstrated the existence of histaminergic neurons in the brain, which are concentrated in the tuberomammillary nucleus of the posterior hypothalamus, and which project efferent fibers to almost all parts of the brain. Three subtypes of histamine receptors are widely distributed in the brain, not only on neurons but also on astrocytes and blood vessels. Consistent with its wide-ranging output, the histaminergic neuron system regulates various activities of the brain, such as the arousal state, brain energy metabolism, locomotor activity, neuroendocrine, autonomic and vestibular functions, feeding, drinking, sexual behavior, and analgesia--this regulation is possibly achieved by the histaminergic system as a whole.

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