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Autophagy. 2007 Mar-Apr;3(2):151-3. Epub 2007 Mar 28.

mTOR kinase and the regulatory subunit of protein kinase A (PRKAR1A) spatially and functionally interact during autophagosome maturation.

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Cell Biology and Metabolism Branch, Section on Endocrinology and Genetics, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-5430, USA.


The regulatory subunit 1-alpha (RIalpha) of protein kinase A (PKA) and the mTOR kinase are involved in a common pathway regulating mammalian autophagy. RIalpha was found to localize on Rab7-positive late endosomes and on LC3-positive autophagosomal membranes in cultured cells. RIalpha was also shown to physically interact with mTOR kinase and affect its phosphorylation and activity. In this addendum, we further explore the subcellular distribution of mTOR related to RIalpha and LC3. We present experiments showing that mTOR colocalizes with RIalpha-, Rab7- and LC3-positive membranes in cultured cells. Because RIalpha regulates the phosphorylation and activity of mTOR kinase, which we now show localizes on autophagosomal membranes, the possibility emerges that the RIalpha-mTOR complex acts at the level of autophagosome maturation.

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