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Cell Signal. 2007 Apr;19(4):672-82. Epub 2006 Nov 28.

Redox signalling in anchorage-dependent cell growth.

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Department of Biochemical Sciences, University of Florence, Italy.


Current data have provided new perspectives concerning the regulation of non-transformed cell proliferation in response to both soluble growth factors and to adhesive cues. Non-transformed cells are anchorage dependent for the execution of the mitotic program and cannot avoid the concomitant signals starting from mitogenic molecules, as growth factors, and adhesive agents belonging to extracellular matrix. Reactive oxygen species play a key role during both growth factor and integrin receptor signalling and these second messengers are recognised to have a synergistic function for anchorage-dependent growth signalling. Redox regulated proteins include protein tyrosine phosphatases and protein tyrosine kinases, although with opposite regulation of their enzymatic activity, and cytoskeletal proteins as beta-actin. In this review we support a role of ROS as key second messengers granting a proper executed mitosis for anchorage-dependent cells, through redox regulation of several downstream targets. Deregulation of these redox pathways may help to guide transformed cells to elude the native apoptotic response to abolishment of signals started by cell/ECM contact, sustaining ectopic anchorage-independent cancer cell growth.

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