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World J Gastroenterol. 2006 Dec 28;12(48):7869-73.

CT diagnosis of 52 patients with lymphoma in abdominal lymph nodes.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University, School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310009, Zhejiang Province, China.

Abstract

AIM:

To assess CT manifestations and its diagnostic value for lymphoma in the abdominal lymph nodes (LALN).

METHODS:

CT findings in 52 cases of LALN proved by surgery or biopsy, including Hodgkin's disease (HD) in 16 cases and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in 36 cases, were retrospectively analyzed.

RESULTS:

(1) CT manifestations based on distribution of the lesions of LALN: Solitary mass type was found in 10 cases, including solitary, round, uniform-density, enlarged lymph nodes in 3 cases; and multiple, enlarged lymph nodes fusing into singular lobular mass in 7 cases. Thirty-four cases of multiple-nodular type showed multiple, round, enlarged lymph nodes with uniform density and clear margins. Vessels-embedded signs, including mesenteric vessels, renal vessels, abdominal aorta or inferior vena cava, were seen in 6 cases, and duodenum-embedded signs were seen in 2 cases. Eight cases of diffuse type showed characteristic "cobblestone signs". (2) CT manifestations correlated with pathological type: CT manifestations of 12 cases of HD were different from those of 40 cases of NHL in distribution, size, quantity and fused lesion of enlarged lymph nodes. (3) Twenty-eight cases of 52 patients were accompanied with extra-nodal lymphoma in the abdomen, especially gastrointestinal lymphoma, which had characteristic CT findings. (4) In follow-up examinations, CT images showed uniform, heterogeneous or rim enhancement in 15 cases, and occasional calcifications accompanied with reduction of the lesion size and quantity in 12 cases, whereas the lesions disappeared in 3 cases after treatment.

CONCLUSION:

CT images show many characteristic manifestations valuable for qualitative diagnosis of LALN, and it is also helpful for pathological classification of LALN and therapeutic evaluation in follow-up of patients.

PMID:
17203536
PMCID:
PMC4087558
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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