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Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2008;32(3):333-42. Epub 2007 Jan 2.

The basal ganglia: an overview of circuits and function.

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Department of Physiology, University of Wisconsin, Madison School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53706, USA.


The technique of electrical stimulation of brain tissue-known clinically as deep brain stimulation (DBS)-is at the fore of treatment of human neurological disease. Here we provide a general overview highlighting the anatomy and circuitry of the basal ganglia (BG). We introduce common disease states associated with BG dysfunction and current hypotheses of BG function. Throughout this introductory review we direct the reader to other reviews in this special issue of Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews highlighting the interaction between basic science and clinical investigation to more fully understand the BG in both health and disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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