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Epilepsia. 2006 Dec;47(12):2086-91.

Psychiatric comorbidity in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria. eugen.trinka@uklibk.ac.at

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the prevalence of psychiatric disturbances among patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME).

METHODS:

Forty-three patients with JME (22 female, 21 male, mean age 32.4+/-13, range 15-63) were assessed by means of the Structured Clinical Interviews for DSM-IV (SCID-I and SCID-II). Current and lifetime psychiatric diagnoses were assigned.

RESULTS:

Thirty-five percent of the JME patients suffered from one or more psychiatric disorders (Axis I and Axis II). Personality disorders were present in 23% and Axis I disorders in 19%. Altogether, 47% had a psychiatric disorder at any time of their life.

CONCLUSIONS:

Psychiatric diagnoses are slightly higher than in representative community samples. The substantially increased number of personality disorders in JME patients might be attributed to frontal lobe deficits.

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