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J Med Food. 2006 Winter;9(4):443-50.

Antioxidants in the prevention of renal disease.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Pharmacology & Toxicology, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, USA. darora@csu.edu.au

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play a key role in the pathophysiological processes of renal diseases. The cellular damage is mediated by an alteration in the antioxidant status, which increases the concentration of ROS in the stationary state (oxidative stress). Oxidative stress mediates a wide range of renal impairments, from acute renal failure, rhabdomyolysis, obstructive nephropathy, hyperlipidemia, and glomerular damage to chronic renal failure and hemodialysis. Therefore, interventions favoring the scavenging and/or depuration of ROS (dietary and pharmacological antioxidants) should attenuate or prevent the oxidative stress, thereby mitigating against the subsequent renal damage.

PMID:
17201628
DOI:
10.1089/jmf.2006.9.443
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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