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Psychol Bull. 2007 Jan;133(1):1-24.

Threat-related attentional bias in anxious and nonanxious individuals: a meta-analytic study.

Author information

1
Adler Center for Reasearch in Child Development and Psychopathology, Department of Psychology, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. yair1@post.tau.ac.il

Abstract

This meta-analysis of 172 studies (N = 2,263 anxious,N = 1,768 nonanxious) examined the boundary conditions of threat-related attentional biases in anxiety. Overall, the results show that the bias is reliably demonstrated with different experimental paradigms and under a variety of experimental conditions, but that it is only an effect size of d = 0.45. Although processes requiring conscious perception of threat contribute to the bias, a significant bias is also observed with stimuli outside awareness. The bias is of comparable magnitude across different types of anxious populations (individuals with different clinical disorders, high-anxious nonclinical individuals, anxious children and adults) and is not observed in nonanxious individuals. Empirical and clinical implications as well as future directions for research are discussed.

PMID:
17201568
DOI:
10.1037/0033-2909.133.1.1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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