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J Pers Soc Psychol. 2007 Jan;92(1):12-29.

Cancer and the threat of death: the cognitive dynamics of death-thought suppression and its impact on behavioral health intentions.

Author information

1
Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA. arndtj@missouri.edu

Abstract

Five studies examined the cognitive association between thoughts of cancer and thoughts of death and their implication for screening intentions. Study 1 found that explicit contemplation of cancer did not increase death-thought accessibility. In support of the hypothesis that this reflects suppression of death-related thoughts, Study 2 found that individuals who thought about cancer exhibited elevated death-thought accessibility under high cognitive load, and Study 3 demonstrated that subliminal primes of the word cancer led to increased death-thought accessibility. Study 4 revealed lower levels of death-thought accessibility when perceived vulnerability to cancer was high, once again suggesting suppression of death-related thoughts in response to conscious threats associated with cancer. Study 5 extended the analysis by finding that after cancer salience, high cognitive load, which presumably disrupts suppression of the association between cancer and death, decreased cancer-related self-exam intentions. Theoretical and practical implications for understanding terror management, priming and suppression, and responses to cancer are discussed.

PMID:
17201539
DOI:
10.1037/0022-3514.92.1.12
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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