Send to

Choose Destination
Kidney Int. 2007 Mar;71(5):438-41. Epub 2007 Jan 3.

Mortality effect of coronary calcification and phosphate binder choice in incident hemodialysis patients.

Author information

Clinical Research Division, Denver Nephrology, Denver, CO 80230, USA.


The risk of death in hemodialysis patients treated with calcium-containing phosphate binders or sevelamer is not known. We assessed all-cause mortality in 127 patients new to hemodialysis assigned to calcium-containing binders or sevelamer after a median follow-up of 44 months from randomization. This was a predetermined secondary end point of a randomized clinical trial designed to assess progression of coronary artery calcium (CAC) scores in the two treatment arms. Thirty-four deaths occurred during the follow-up period: 23 in subjects randomized to calcium-containing phosphate binders and 11 in subjects randomized to sevelamer. Baseline CAC score was a significant predictor of mortality after adjustment for age, race, gender, and diabetes with increased mortality proportional to baseline score (P=0.002). Mortality was borderline significantly lower in subjects randomized to sevelamer (5.3/100 patient years, confidence interval (CI) (2.2-8.5) compared to those randomized to calcium-containing binders (10.6/100 patient years, CI 6.3-14.9) (P=0.05). The greater risk of death for patients treated with calcium-containing phosphate binders persisted after full multivariable adjustment (P=0.016, hazard ratio 3.1, CI 1.23-7.61). In subjects new to hemodialysis baseline CAC score was a significant predictor of all-cause mortality. Treatment with sevelamer was associated with a significant survival benefit as compared to the use of calcium-containing phosphate binders.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center