Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2007;10(1):15-29. Epub 2007 Jan 2.

Experimental rodent models of prostatitis: limitations and potential.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Case Western Reserve University & University Hospitals of Cleveland, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.

Abstract

Prostatitis is a polyetiological inflammation of the prostate gland in men characterized by pelvic pain, irritative voiding symptoms, and sexual dysfunction. Histologically prostatitis is characterized by poly- and mononuclear cell infiltrates (neutrophils, lymphocytes, macrophages and plasma cells) in the stromal connective tissue around the acini or ducts. Prostatitis is an important worldwide health problem in men. The pathogenesis and diagnostic criteria for the condition are obscure, with the result that the development of management programs for this condition has been hindered. Animal model(s) might be useful in elucidating mechanisms involved in the molecular pathogenesis of chronic nonbacterial prostatitis and chronic pelvic pain syndrome. Given that prostatitis might have a multifactorial etiology, several animal models with unique features may prove helpful. This review examines a number of experimental rodent models of prostatitis and evaluates their advantages and limitations.

PMID:
17199136
DOI:
10.1038/sj.pcan.4500930
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center