Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Cardiol. 2007 Jan 1;99(1):19-25. Epub 2006 Nov 2.

Partial inhibition of platelet thromboxane A2 synthesis by aspirin is associated with myonecrosis in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Author information

Research Center, University Hospital La Fe, Valencia, Spain.


Heterogeneity in response to aspirin (ASA) treatment, or "aspirin resistance," could be of importance in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Decreased effects of ASA in platelets could be due to partial inhibition of cyclo-oxygenase-1 (COX-1) or to COX-1-independent mechanisms. We evaluated the effect of ASA treatment in patients with STEMI for (1) platelet thromboxane A(2) (TXA(2)) synthesis, (2) platelet recruitment elicited by TXA(2)-dependent and -independent mechanisms, and (3) a possible association of these aspects of platelet reactivity with serum markers of myonecrosis. We studied 62 ASA-treated patients within 48 hours of onset of the acute event and 69 ASA-free and 10 ASA-treated controls. TXA(2) synthesis and platelet recruitment (fluid-phase proaggregate activity of cell-free releasate) were assessed after collagen stimulation (1 micro g/ml) of whole blood. Partial inhibition of TXA(2) by ASA was found in 21 patients (34%). This was associated with significant increases in troponin T, creatine kinase-MB mass, creatine kinase, and recruiting activity versus 41 patients with blocked TXA(2) production. This was independent of fibrinolysis, and platelet COX-2 expression was not augmented. TXA(2) blockade was achieved after subsequent daily treatments or platelet incubation with ASA in vitro, suggesting lower sensitivity of COX-1 to ASA. In addition, 28 patients (45%) had an abnormally increased recruiting activity despite TXA(2) blockade, which was also associated with increased myonecrosis. In conclusion, ASA resistance, elicited by TXA(2)-dependent and TXA(2)-independent mechanisms, was prevalent in patients with STEMI. This study describes, for the first time, the association of partial platelet TXA(2) inhibition with myonecrosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center